EYFS End of Year Expectations

This page provides information for parents and carers on the end of year expectations for children by the end of the Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS). These expectations are the minimum requirements your child must meet in order to ensure continued progress.

All the objectives will be worked on throughout the nursery and reception years and will be the focus of direct teaching. Any extra support you can provide in helping your children to achieve these is greatly valued.

If you have any queries regarding the content of this page or want support in knowing how best to help your child please talk to your child’s keyworker.



  • Read and understand simple sentences.
  • Use phonic knowledge to decode regular words and read them aloud accurately.
  • Read some common irregular words.
  • Demonstrate an understanding when talking with others about what they have read.


  • Use their phonic knowledge to write words in ways which match their spoken sounds.
  • Write some irregular common words.
  • Write sentences which can be read by themselves and others.
  • Some words are spelt correctly and others are phonetically plausible.

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  • Count reliably with numbers from one to 20.
  • Place numbers in order and say which number is one more or one less than a given number.
  • Using quantities and objects, add and subtract two single-digit numbers and count on or back to find the answer.
  • Solve problems, including doubling, halving and sharing.

Space, Shape and Measure

  • Use everyday language to talk about size, weight, capacity, position, distance, time and money to compare quantities and objects and to solve problems.
  • Recognise, create and describe patterns.
  • Explore characteristics of everyday objects and shapes and use mathematical language to describe them.

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Communication and Language

Listening and Attention

  • Listen attentively in a range of situations.
  • Listen to stories, accurately anticipating key events, and respond to what they hear with relevant comments, questions or actions.
  • Give their attention to what others say and respond appropriately, while engaged in another activity.


  • Follow instructions involving several ideas or actions.
  • Answer ‘how’ and ‘why’ questions about their experiences and in response to stories or events.


  • Express themselves effectively, showing awareness of listeners’ needs.
  • Use past, present and future forms accurately when talking about events that have happened or are to happen in the future.
  • Develop their own narratives and explanations by connecting ideas or events.

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Physical Development

Moving and Handling

  • Show good control and coordination in large and small movements.
  • Move confidently in a range of ways, safely negotiating space.
  • Handle equipment and tools effectively, including pencils for writing.

Health and Self-Care

  • Know the importance for good health of physical exercise and a healthy diet, and talk about ways to keep healthy and safe.
  • Manage their own basic hygiene and personal needs successfully, including dressing and going to the toilet independently.

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Personal, Social and Emotional Development

Self-Confidence and Self-Awareness

  • Try new activities, and say why they like some activities more than others.
  • Speak in a familiar group, talk about their ideas, and choose the resources they need for their chosen activities.
  • Say when they do or don’t need help.

Managing Feelings and Behaviour

  • Talk about how they and others show feelings, talk about their own and others’ behaviour, and its consequences, and know that some behaviour is unacceptable.
  • Work as part of a group or class, and understand and follow rules.
  • Adjust their behaviour to different situations, and take changes of routine in their stride.

Making Relationships

  • Play cooperatively, taking turns with others.
  • Take account of one another’s ideas about how to organise their activity.
  • Show sensitivity to others’ needs and feelings, and form positive relationships with adults and other children.

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Understanding of the World

People and Communities

  • Talk about past and present events in their own lives and in the lives of family members.
  • Know that other children don’t always enjoy the same things, and are sensitive to this.
  • Know about similarities and differences between themselves and others, and among families, communities and traditions.
  • The World
  • Know about similarities and differences in relation to places, objects, materials and living things.
  • Talk about the features of their own immediate environment and how environments might vary from one to another.
  • Make observations of animals and plants and explain why some things occur, and talk about changes.


  • Recognise that a range of technology is used in places such as homes and schools.
  • Select and use technology for particular purposes.

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Expressive Arts and Design

Exploring and Using Media and Materials

  • Sing songs, make music and dance, and experiment with ways of changing them.
  • Safely use and explore a variety of materials, tools and techniques, experimenting with colour, design, texture, form and function.

Being Imaginative

  • Use what they have learnt about media and materials in original ways, thinking about uses and purposes.
  • Represent their own ideas, thoughts and feelings through design and technology, art, music, dance, role play and stories

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